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The valley of roses
The trip of the rose

Queen Rose
Rose Oil
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Silky Holidays Ltd.
Tel: +359 2 9 11 33 
Fax: +359 2 962 87 75
78 Krichim Str., fl.1, Sofia 1164, Bulgaria 
info@rose-festival.com


 

The Valley of roses 

The Valley of Roses is one of the biggest producers of rose oil in the world. The soil and the climate in this region are quite suitable for the roses. The conditions in Kazanlak proved to be more favourable for the cultivation of the rose than those in its own country of origin - Tunisia. This is specifically valid for the rainfalls. The air humidity, cloudiness and precipitation in May and June contributed to obtain roses yielding high percentage of oil. 

Rose festival in Kazanlak, Bulgaria
Rose festival in Kazanlak, Bulgaria

The Rose Valley is not a geographical name it is just a notion, associated with the location where the Bulgarian oil-bearing rose grows. The valley altitude is 710m at his highest point Klisoura. The climate in the Rose Valley is transitional between moderately continental and transitional continental. The rose plants usually start coming into leaf around March 10, when the air temperature settles at over 5º C.  

The rainfalls in the Rose Valley are heaviest in the spring, with a peak in June. Daily rainfalls are not abundant, yet the rainy days are many. This kind of weather prolongs the flowering period, suppresses oil evaporation, at the same time increasing the yield of oil and its quality. The mean monthly precipitation in May and June is usually between 80 and 100 litres per square meter. Rose festival in Kazanlak, Bulgaria
Rose festival in Kazanlak, Bulgaria

The absence of intensive sunshine prevents undesired liberation of the volatile aromatic ingredients from the flowers. Every five to seven years there occurs a sudden warming during the harvesting time, which hampers gathering, storing and distillation. To avoid the adverse effect of the winds on the rose bushes, they were always planted in hedge-rows.

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